Heart Health Benefits of EPA and DHA

Heart Health Benefits of EPA and DHA

GOED/Omega-3 Science Advisory Council White Paper Decades of research have uncovered many health benefits of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, specifically eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). EPA and DHA are both essential building blocks for tissue structures and important biological mediators in health and disease, which is why the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, as well as health advocacy groups from around the globe, recommend eating foods rich in EPA and DHA as part of an overall healthy eating pattern. Yet, there are mixed viewpoints about the cardiovascular benefits of…

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A Balanced Approach to Omega-3 Benefits

Bill Lands, Fellow, American Society for Nutrition, College Park, MD, USA Email: wemlands@att.net; Website: http://efaeducation.org/ Similarities and differences between the omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) essential nutrients have moved in and out of discussions over the past 50 years as the biomedical community explored their diverse actions in human health. Evidence-based misunderstandings and apparent contradictions easily occur whenever a portion of the whole is discussed without a broader context to keep a balanced perspective (e.g., 1). Current paradoxes about benefits and harm from n-3 and n-6 nutrients prompt me to…

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Should Infant Formula Provide Only DHA, or DHA along with Arachidonic Acid?

Berthold Koletzko1, Susan E. Carlson2, Johannes B. van Goudoever3 1Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Dr. von Hauner Children’s Hospital, Univ. of Munich Medical Center, München, Germany 2Univ. of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA 3Depts. of Paediatrics, Emma Children’s Hospital, Academic Medical Center, and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands   Infancy and early childhood are characterized by very rapid growth and tissue differentiation, which induce extremely high nutrient needs per kg bodyweight, while body stores are still very limited and thus the infant cannot compensate well for unbalanced nutrient supplies…

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Clinical Studies on the Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cardiovascular Outcomes

Invited Opinion Aldo Bernasconi, Ph.D. Director of Information and Research Global Organization for EPA and DHA Omega-3s   There is a long history of clinical research showing that long-chain omega-3 fatty acids – the kind of fatty acids found at relatively high levels in fish oils – have a cardio-protective effect. This research includes several large randomized control trials (RCTs). These trials, in which participants are randomly selected to receive either a treatment or a placebo, have long been considered to be the gold standard for clinical research. One surprising…

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