Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Preterm Infants – Understanding the Physiological Changes in AA and DHA during Gestation

This article at a glance Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a form of lung injury caused by assisted ventilation and oxygen support compounding an incomplete development of lung tissue observed in very early and low birth weight preterm infants. In a study of fetal fatty acid (LCPUFA) accretion during the third trimester of pregnancy, the level of

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Understanding Defects in Fatty Acid Mobilization to Safeguard Fetal DHA Accretion in Gestational Diabetes

This article at a glance This study documented the changes in circulating levels of various fatty acids during the third trimester of pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes. In gestational diabetes, defects in the mobilization of several fatty acids were identified, including the DHA necessary for accretion by the fetus. In a separate controlled intervention study,

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Enhanced Production of Breast Milk DHA during Chia Oil Intake

This article at a glance A randomized controlled intervention trial has addressed the effect of chia oil intake during pregnancy and nursing on breast milk fatty acid composition in healthy women. In addition to increased levels of alpha-linolenic acid, a marked elevation in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in breast milk is observed during the first three

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Advances in Understanding the Relationship between Child Problem Behavior and Maternal Long-Chain PUFA Intake

This article at a glance An important area in omega-3 research addresses the possibility to prevent or alleviate ADHD in childhood by omega-3 supplementaton with omega-3 LCPUFA of mothers during pregnancy or the children with ADHD themselves. A higher n-3:n-6 ratio during mid-pregnancy was found to be associated with fewer emotional, but not behavioral, problems

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Assessing the Effectiveness of Omega-3 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Environmental Enteropathy in Children

This article at a glance Environmental enteropathy is increasingly being recognized to contribute to nutrient malabsorption and augmented catabolism in young children living in conditions where fecal to oral contamination occurs constantly. Besides improving sanitary conditions, no effective medical interventions have been clearly identified to improve environmental enteropathy. In this study the effectiveness in environmental enteropathy of

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Increased Length of Gestation Linked with Self-reported Omega-3 Use during Pregnancy in Women at High Risk due to Psychiatric and Psychotropic Use

This article at a glance In this report the authors demonstrate that omega-3 fatty acids should be researched further as a variable to decrease obstetrical risk in women with psychiatric disorders Further research is needed as the data is consistent with the existing literature that omega-3 fatty acids can lengthen gestation. It is not yet

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DHA Supplementation of Atopic Mothers during Pregnancy Reduces Respiratory Symptoms in Their Children

Since omega-3 fatty acids are known to have anti-inflammatory activity, and allergic disease is typified by the active release of inflammatory mediators, several studies have investigated whether omega-3 fatty acid intake can lower the incidence of allergies. Within this line of thought, clinical researchers have investigated the possibility that the omega-3 status of the mother

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